Beginner to sewing? We’d love to help you start everything right by providing you the best guide a starter like you must learn. In this guide, you’ll learn basic hand stitching as well as machine stitching. You might wonder why still hand stitch when you have the best sewing machine at home? Well, it is still necessary because there are still hand stitching tasks that need to be done in your sewing project. There are finishing touches that can only be done by hand sewing. So, follow along with me and get familiarized with the basic hand stitches!
SEWING 101: Beginner’s Guide To Basic Sewing Stitches
Get to Know the Different Sewing Stitches
It is vital to learn all the necessary information when it comes to sewing before you start creating sewing projects you want. You’ll be missing a lot if you put a limit on the things that you need to know. And this guide isn’t just for beginners! After learning all these sewing stitches, we know that you’ll be inspired to try them out, so have your tool kit and sewing machine ready now. Your sewing would be easier once you’ve finally learned all these!
The Beginner’s Guide To Basic Sewing Stitches
- Bring your needle up through the fabric from the back (wrong side)
- Once the knot hits the fabric, make a stitch to the left or right
- Bring the thread back up and repeat
Use the same technique as the running stitch but make longer stitches (between 1/4 inch and a 1/2 inch). Check the procedure here.
- Work from left to right: take tiny stitches on the hem, and then on the garment
- Keep stitches loose and even
Work from left to right: take a small stitch, then insert the needle at the end of the previous stitch and bring it out beyond the point where the thread emerges
Blanket Stitch / Buttonhole Stitch
- Secure the thread on the wrong side of the fabric. With the right side facing upward, insert the needle from back to front, about 1/8 inch from the edge.
- Wrap the working head around behind the eye of the needle, then behind the point.
- Pull the needle through, bringing the knot to the fabric edge.
- Bring the needle through the fold of the hem and pick up a thread of fabric at the same point.
- Make the stitches fairly loose, and about a 1/2 inch apart.
SEWING MACHINE STITCHES
Standard Forward / Backward Stitch
- Begin straight stitching 1/8 -3/8 inches from the fabric edge
- Backstitch the forward stitch over the pinned or basted seam
- Repeat the reverse stitch to finish
- Provides a clean finish to raw edges, and can be used as a finish technique in combination with a stay stitching line
- You can adjust both the width and length of this stitch
Most sewing machines can make buttonholes, either with a fully-automatic buttonhole foot attachment or a pre-programmed buttonhole
Blind Hem Stitch
- Consists of two or three straight stitches, and then one wide zigzag / catch stitch
- Just as in the hand-stitched version of the blind hem, the fabric is folded under and away with the hem edge projecting
— DIY Projects (@DIYProjectsCom) November 7, 2016
Once the seam is sewn and pressed open, zigzag stitch the raw edge and trim away the excess
Turn and Stitch
- Fold and press the seam: leave a 1/4 inch and machine stitch along the folded edge to finish
- The seams are then pressed open or to one side (depending on the pattern)
- Best for unlined jackets and skirts
- Use 5/8 inch bias tape to enclose the raw edge and stitch through all layers
- Use pinking shears to trim away seam allowance
- You can also machine stitch 1/4 inch from the seam, and then trim the edges with pinking shears
- An alternative to the zigzag stitch, used in small areas or on very thick fabric
- Taking very loose stitches, overcast the raw seam edges by hand
- Used to strengthen a seam or as a decorative finish
- Press seams open, then stitch in place from the wrong side
Check out this video from Nutty Crafter and learn the basics hand sewing.
You can start practicing now! I bet you’re excited to try these sewing stitches. Once you’ve familiarized yourself with all these basic stitches, you can start creating easy sewing projects. How exciting is that?
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